Migraines are a common and often debilitating type of headache. According to , migraines are defined as recurring attacks of headaches that can occur frequently for some individuals and less often for others. They disproportionately affect females at a rate threefold higher than males, despite controlling for hormonal changes like those associated with the menstrual cycle 1 2.

He explains that migraines involve the dilation of blood vessels in the brain area and often include symptoms like photophobia, a heightened sensitivity to light. Treating migraines involves addressing this blood vessel dilation and potentially managing the sensitivity to light to offset headache intensity 2.

also emphasizes the importance of identifying the type of headache one has to select the best treatment. Treatments for migraines can include both conventional prescription drugs and natural methods. Natural treatments have shown promise and can sometimes be as effective as, or even more effective than, over-the-counter medications without carrying significant side effects 2 3.

Migraine Mysteries

Andrew discusses the prevalence of migraine headaches and the mystery surrounding why they occur more frequently in females, even independently of the menstrual cycle. He also touches on the protective effects of pregnancy against migraines.

Huberman Lab

How to Stop Headaches Using Science-Based Approaches | Huberman Lab Podcast

Sleep is another crucial factor; getting regular, sufficient deep sleep each night can reduce the frequency of migraines and improve recovery times from headaches or traumatic brain injuries 4.

Understanding these different aspects of migraines and the available treatment options can help manage and potentially reduce their occurrence and severity.