Which is better for the sake of learning? 1) Wake up at sunrise next learn at the computer screen for about an hour next go outside and run for about 45 minutes or 2) wake up at sunrise next go outside and run for about 45 minutes next learn at the computer screen for about an hour?


Based on the insights from , here's a tailored recommendation for your morning routine focused on learning and exercise:

Routine 1: Learn First, Exercise Later

  1. Wake Up at Sunrise: This helps set your circadian rhythm.
  2. Learn at the Computer for About an Hour: While not specifically addressed, completing cognitive tasks when your mind is fresh could be beneficial.
  3. Run Outside for About 45 Minutes: Exercising soon after waking up increases your core body temperature and promotes the release of epinephrine and other neuromodulators, enhancing overall alertness and energy levels for the rest of the day 1.

Routine 2: Exercise First, Learn Later

  1. Wake Up at Sunrise: Again, this sets your internal clock.
  2. Run Outside for About 45 Minutes: Early morning exercise has several benefits, including enhancing mental acuity and energy levels throughout the day 1. It sets a positive neurochemical context for learning and focus.
  3. Learn at the Computer for About an Hour: With increased mental acuity from the exercise, you may find your focus and cognitive performance heightened during this period.


emphasizes the benefits of morning exercise for setting a robust neurochemical environment conducive to high energy and focus levels. Therefore, Routine 2 may offer superior benefits. Exercising first can result in enhanced alertness and cognitive performance, making subsequent learning sessions more effective 1 2.

Implementing morning light exposure and exercise also aligns with optimizing sleep-wake cycles and mood, contributing to overall cognitive benefits 2.

Morning Exercise Benefits

Andrew explains how exercising early in the morning, within an hour of waking and no later than 3 hours after waking, can set a neurochemical context for heightened levels of arousal and mental acuity throughout the day. This can lead to feeling more biased for action and less lethargic, providing more energy throughout the day.

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Optimize Your Learning & Creativity with Science-based Tools | Huberman Lab Podcast #8

What are additional benefits of morning exercise?


Morning exercise has several additional benefits according to and guests on the :

  • Enhanced Mental Acuity: Exercising early can increase arousal and mental sharpness throughout the day, facilitating better cognitive performance during learning or work tasks 1.

  • Positive Impact on Mood: Early exercise shifts cortisol spikes to earlier in the day, promoting wakefulness and improving mood 2.

  • Increased Energy Levels: Morning workouts can make you feel more energetic and less lethargic by leveraging the neurochemical environment created by the exercise, particularly boosting epinephrine and other neuromodulators 3.

    Morning Exercise Benefits

    Andrew explains how exercising early in the morning, within an hour of waking and no later than 3 hours after waking, can set a neurochemical context for heightened levels of arousal and mental acuity throughout the day. This can lead to feeling more biased for action and less lethargic, providing more energy throughout the day.

    Huberman Lab

    Optimize Your Learning & Creativity with Science-based Tools | Huberman Lab Podcast #8
  • Better Sleep Regulation: Exercising early helps align your body's circadian rhythms, leading to better sleep quality. Morning exercise can reduce the negative impact of cortisol spikes on sleep when compared to late-day workouts 2.

  • Enhanced Confidence and Momentum: A morning workout provides a small win that can boost your confidence and give you a sense of accomplishment, which can positively affect your performance at work and in other daily tasks 4.

  • Blood Sugar Regulation: Exercise in the morning can partially mitigate the negative effects of sleep deprivation on blood glucose regulation, helping to maintain better metabolic health 5.

  • Routine and Flexibility: While morning workouts are preferred for the stated benefits, the flexibility to shift workouts to later in the day without significant performance loss is also supported. This adaptability is important for maintaining a consistent exercise routine despite varying schedules 6.

These benefits highlight the comprehensive advantages of incorporating morning exercise into your routine for both physical and mental health.


What are the best morning learning tips?


For effective morning learning, recommends several key tips based on his research and practices shared on the :

  1. Morning Light Exposure: Getting natural light exposure early in the morning helps synchronize your circadian rhythms, which enhances alertness and prepares your brain for learning 1.

  2. Delay Caffeine Intake: Delay consuming caffeine for about two hours after waking up. This approach aligns with your body's cortisol rhythm, preventing an energy crash later in the morning and maintaining higher levels of focus during learning activities 1.

  3. Morning Exercise: Undertake exercise within the first hour to three hours of waking up. Exercise raises body temperature and triggers the release of neurochemicals like epinephrine, enhancing mental acuity and readiness for focused activities. This sets a neurochemical environment conducive to learning 1.

  4. Structured Learning Bouts: After completing morning exercise, transition into focused learning sessions. The increased arousal and energy from exercise make this period ideal for absorbing and processing new information efficiently 1.

By integrating these practices, you can optimize your cognitive performance and learning efficiency throughout the morning.

Morning Exercise Benefits

Andrew explains how exercising early in the morning, within an hour of waking and no later than 3 hours after waking, can set a neurochemical context for heightened levels of arousal and mental acuity throughout the day. This can lead to feeling more biased for action and less lethargic, providing more energy throughout the day.

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Optimize Your Learning & Creativity with Science-based Tools | Huberman Lab Podcast #8

What are other effective learning tips?

Beyond the morning learning tips already mentioned, here are additional strategies for effective learning as discussed by on the :

  1. Consistent Sleep: Maintaining a regular sleep schedule is key. Quality sleep consolidates learning and memory, preparing the brain for optimal performance the next day.

  2. Focused Learning Sessions: Break study sessions into focused periods (about 90 minutes), followed by short breaks. This aligns with the brain’s natural rhythm for focus and recovery, maximizing retention and reducing fatigue.

  3. Active Recall and Spaced Repetition: Using techniques like active recall and spaced repetition helps solidify information better than passive review. Testing yourself on the material and spacing out study sessions enhance long-term retention.

  4. Mindfulness and Stress Reduction: Practices like mindfulness or meditation can improve focus and reduce stress, creating a better mental state for learning. A calm mind is more receptive to new information.

  5. Proper Nutrition and Hydration: Staying adequately hydrated and consuming balanced meals rich in nutrients supports brain function and energy levels necessary for effective learning.

  6. Varied Learning Techniques: Engage in different methods of learning, such as visual aids, writing, speaking, and teaching the material to someone else. This variety helps reinforce the information through multiple neural pathways.

Implementing these strategies can enhance your learning process by creating a conducive environment for absorbing and retaining new information effectively.


Can you explain spaced repetition?

Spaced repetition is a learning technique that involves reviewing information at increasing intervals over time. from the endorses this method for improving memory retention.

The principle behind spaced repetition is to leverage the brain's natural forgetting curve. By spacing out review sessions, you are prompted to recall information just as it begins to fade from memory, thereby strengthening memory pathways and making the information more durable. This contrasts with cramming, which leads to quick forgetting due to lack of reinforcement over time.

Adopting spaced repetition involves scheduling reviews at strategically timed intervals, such as 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, and so on, after the initial learning session. This systematic approach ensures the material is revisited before it is completely forgotten, enhancing long-term retention.


What are some spaced repetition apps?

Although there are no specific clips mentioning spaced repetition apps from the , some well-known spaced repetition apps that are widely recommended include:

  1. Anki: A versatile flashcard app that allows you to create your own decks or download pre-made ones. Anki uses advanced algorithms to schedule reviews at optimal intervals.
  2. Quizlet: This app offers a flashcard system with spaced repetition and other study modes. It’s user-friendly and widely used among students.
  3. SuperMemo: The original spaced repetition software that introduced the concept. It's highly customizable and ideal for serious learners.
  4. Brainscape: This app uses a confidence-based repetition system, adjusting flashcard review intervals based on how well you know the material.
  5. Memrise: Focused on language learning, Memrise incorporates spaced repetition within its courses to enhance vocabulary retention.

These apps use algorithms to determine the best times to review information, maximizing retention and learning efficiency.


Can you give examples of spaced repetition?

There are no specific clips from the providing direct examples of spaced repetition. However, I can explain the concept based on general principles discussed in the field of neuroscience and learning.

Spaced repetition involves reviewing information at increasing intervals to enhance long-term retention. Here are some typical examples:

  1. Learning Vocabulary: Imagine you are learning new words in a foreign language. You study a set of words on day one, review them the next day, after three days, then a week later, and finally two weeks later. Each successful review allows you to extend the interval before the next review.

  2. Studying for Exams: For a comprehensive exam, you start revising early. You review your notes the day after class, then three days later, a week later, and finally every couple of weeks until the exam date.

  3. Remembering Important Information: For important information or skills (like CPR steps), you might review the material initially after one day, then after several days, a week, and then monthly. Such repetition ensures the steps remain fresh in your memory.

In essence, spaced repetition leverages the brain’s capacity for strengthening memory traces over time through periodic reinforcement.


Which routine is better for the sake of learning? 1) Wake up at sunrise next learn at the computer screen for about an hour next go outside and run for about 45 minutes next take a cold shower 2) wake up at sunrise next go outside and run for about 45 minutes next take a cold shower next learn at the computer screen for about an hour or 3) wake up at sunrise next go outside and run for about 45 minutes next learn at the computer screen for about an hour next take a cold shower?

has discussed general principles about elements like exercise, cold exposure, and learning, even though a specific routine comparison hasn't been directly addressed. Here’s a breakdown of how to optimize your routine for learning based on available insights from the :

  1. Exercise: Exercise can benefit cognitive function and learning. Engaging in physical activity like running releases neurochemicals like endorphins and BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), which aid memory and learning processes.

  2. Cold Exposure: Taking a cold shower can increase alertness and improve mood by releasing catecholamines like dopamine and norepinephrine.

  3. Timing of Learning: Your cognitive faculties are often sharpest early in the morning after you wake up. Engaging in learning activities during this period can enhance concentration and information retention.

Given these components, the routines can be analyzed as follows:

  1. Routine 1: Wake up and immediately learn at the computer. This leverages the early sharpness in cognitive faculties. However, following this with a run might deplete some mental energy before the cold shower can rejuvenate you.

  2. Routine 2: Wake up, run, take a cold shower, then learn. This sequence might make you very alert and focused before you start studying, thanks to the physical activity and the cold shower.

  3. Routine 3: Wake up, run, learn, then take a cold shower. Exercise will help enhance focus and memory, and studying right after can take advantage of this, with a cold shower at the end to refresh you.

Based on the mentioned principles, Routine 2 might be optimal for learning. This is because starting your day with exercise will wake up your body and brain, and a cold shower will increase alertness, making you highly focused when you finally sit down to learn.

For further insights and personalized advice, consider tuning into the episodes for a more comprehensive understanding.


What kind of running before a learning session is better for learning?

hasn't provided specific guidelines on the type of running that is best before a learning session. However, based on general principles discussed on the , incorporating moderate-intensity exercise might be beneficial for cognitive function and learning.

Running at a moderate pace rather than high-intensity sprints can help avoid excessive fatigue and ensure that you're energized, not exhausted when it’s time to focus on learning. Here’s why moderate-intensity running might be advantageous:

  • Neurochemical Benefits: Moderate exercise releases endorphins and BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), which support brain health and enhance learning.
  • Balanced Energy Levels: While high-intensity exercise can be energizing, it can also be tiring. Moderate exercise helps maintain steady energy levels without leading to excessive fatigue 1.
  • Improved Mood and Focus: Moderate-intensity running can enhance mood and mental clarity, making it easier to concentrate during your learning session.

In summary, aiming for a moderate-intensity running session before a learning task can help optimize your cognitive function without causing undue fatigue. For more detailed insights, checking out relevant episodes of the might be helpful.


What are specific exercise routines for learning enhancement?


suggests a couple of exercise routines to enhance learning and memory, based on evidence from research:

  1. Zone Two Cardiovascular Exercise:

    • Duration: A minimum of 180-200 minutes per week.
    • Intensity: Steady-state exercise that allows you to hold a conversation but still breathe hard.
    • Frequency: Spread throughout the week.
    • Impact: Enhances cardiovascular fitness and increases neurogenesis in the hippocampus, particularly in the dentate gyrus which is crucial for memory formation and consolidation 1.
  2. Exercise Timing:

    • Before Learning: For enhancing blood flow and supporting hippocampal function, exercise within the hour to three hours before a learning session. This might involve moderate exercise that increases blood flow without extreme adrenaline spikes 2.
    • After Learning: If engaging in high-intensity exercise that spikes adrenaline, it's suggested to perform such exercise post-learning to enhance memory retention 2.
  3. Integration with Learning:

    • Error-based Learning: Attaching positive contexts (like dopamine release) to the process of making errors during physical activities can accelerate neuroplasticity and enhance learning 3.

      Exercise and Memory

      Andrew discusses the effects of exercise on learning and memory, specifically how cardiovascular exercise can increase the creation of new neurons in the dentate gyrus, a subregion of the hippocampus involved in memory formation and consolidation. He also mentions that getting a minimum of 180-200 minutes of zone two cardiovascular exercise per week can enhance longevity and indirectly impact neurogenesis.

      Huberman Lab

      Understand & Improve Memory Using Science-Based Tools | Huberman Lab Podcast #72

These routines combine cardiovascular fitness with neuroplasticity principles to support better learning and memory. Integrating these into your weekly routine can yield cognitive benefits beyond mere physical health.


Can you assess which my daily routine is better if I tell?

Please share the details of your daily routine, and I will do my best to assess its effectiveness based on the principles and insights discussed by on the .


This is my daily routine: Wake up at 4.45 a.m., run for about 45 minutes, take a cold shower, learn for about 1 hour, work for 8 hours (with the gap for the first meal of the day at 2 p.m.), learn for about 90 minutes, eat the second meal at 6 p.m., free time spending on watching tv, reading a book or other staff, go to sleep at 10.30 p.m. How can I improve this routine if my priority is learning and next to this are mental and physical health?


Based on insights from , here are some recommendations to optimize your routine for better learning, mental health, and physical health.


  1. Light Exposure:

    • Maximize outdoor light exposure as early as possible in the morning to improve dopamine production, reduce late-day cortisol peaks, and optimize melatonin production for better sleep 1.
  2. Exercise Duration and Type:

    • Keep your morning run to around 45-50 minutes, which aligns with recommendations to avoid workouts longer than one hour to prevent excessive cortisol spikes 2.
    • Consider incorporating strength and hypertrophy training 3 times per week and endurance training (like your run) 2 times per week, rotating every 10-12 weeks for balanced physical health 2.


  • Dedicated Focus Blocks:
    • Your learning periods are well-placed. Keep these sessions focused and consider using time-blocking techniques to avoid distractions during these periods. The first learning session after exercise and a cold shower could enhance focus due to heightened alertness.

Meals and Work Schedule:

  1. Consistent Meal Times:

    • Maintaining consistent meal times, such as your first meal at 2 p.m. and second at 6 p.m., is beneficial for cognitive performance and mood stability 1.
  2. Breaks During Work:

    • Integrate short breaks during your 8-hour workday to maintain productivity and prevent cognitive fatigue. Brief movement or light exposure breaks can be particularly rejuvenating.


  1. Screen Time Management:

    • For better sleep quality, reduce screen time at least one hour before bed. Opt for activities like reading a book during your free time before bed.
  2. Wind-down Routine:

    • Develop a consistent wind-down routine before bed to help transition into sleep. Keeping your bedtime and wake-up time consistent, as you currently do, supports better sleep and cognitive function 1.

By implementing these tailored adjustments, you can further optimize your daily routine to enhance learning, mental well-being, and physical health.

Optimizing Morning Routine

Andrew discusses a study that found significant improvements in mood and cognitive performance by implementing non-pharmacological interventions in a real-world setting. These interventions include consistent sleep and wake times, fixed meal times, caffeine intake, exercise, and maximizing outdoor light exposure during the morning. Participants were asked to wake up two to three hours before their habitual wake-up time and get as much sunlight as possible.

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Optimize & Control Your Brain Chemistry to Improve Health & Performance | Huberman Lab Podcast #80

What are the time-blocking techniques?


Time-blocking is a productivity technique that involves scheduling specific activities into defined blocks of time throughout your day. and discuss this method, emphasizing its key benefits:

  1. Simplifies Decision-Making:
  • Much like time-restricted eating, time-blocking helps simplify the decision-making process. By committing to specific blocks when you will work or take breaks, you reduce decision fatigue and enhance overall productivity 1.
  1. Visual Distinction:
  • Use visually distinct blocks, such as thick lines around "deep work" periods. This visual feedback helps you assess how much focused, meaningful work you are accomplishing. It acts as a diagnostic tool, giving you a clear view of how effectively you are managing your time and what adjustments might be needed 1.
  1. Binary Structure:
  • Time-blocking operates on a binary structure (yes/no) for tasks within each block. For example, during a "deep work" block, you focus solely on important work without distractions, much like eating within specific hours in a fasting window. This clear delineation helps maintain focus and consistency 1.

In practice, you might schedule blocks for running, learning, meals, work, leisure time, and sleep into your daily routine. This structure supports efficient task management and helps prioritize activities that enhance learning, mental health, and physical health.

Time Blocking Benefits

Andrew and Cal discuss the advantages of time blocking, emphasizing its simplicity in decision-making and visual feedback to enhance productivity and focus on meaningful tasks.

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I struggle with the afternoon learning block after my work. Often, I'm cognitively fatigued and lack motivation even to start learning. What are your suggestions to overwhelm these?

Here are some strategies to help overcome cognitive fatigue and boost motivation for learning in the afternoon, based on insights from :

  1. Napping:

    • A brief nap of 10-20 minutes can rejuvenate your cognitive capacity. This short rest period helps alleviate fatigue, enhancing your ability to focus and learn afterward.
  2. Caffeine Timing:

    • Use caffeine strategically. Consuming a moderate amount in the early afternoon can help combat the post-lunch dip in energy, improving alertness and motivation. However, avoid consuming caffeine too late to prevent sleep disruption.
  3. Physical Movement:

    • Engaging in light physical activity, such as a short walk or even simple stretching exercises, can increase blood flow to the brain and elevate your energy levels, making you feel more prepared to tackle cognitive tasks.
  4. Hydration and Nutrition:

    • Ensure you're adequately hydrated and have had a balanced meal or snack. Low energy levels can sometimes be tied to dehydration or inadequate nutrition, which can exacerbate fatigue.
  5. Light Exposure:

    • Exposure to natural light, especially in the afternoon, can help regulate your circadian rhythms and boost alertness. If natural light isn't an option, consider using a light box designed for this purpose.
  6. Mindfulness or Meditation:

    • A brief session of mindfulness or meditation can help reset your focus and reduce mental fatigue, providing a clear headspace for the learning activities ahead.

Implementing these techniques can make your afternoon learning blocks more productive and enjoyable.